For Ubuntu Linux, we have a powerful package manager called apt which makes the installation, uninstallation and management of package much easier. Sadly, for MacOS users, we don’t have that powerful tool. The appearance of MacPorts, an open source package manager for MacOS, has changed the way we install and manage our packages. With the help of MacPorts, MacOS users can now quickly install, keep track of the changes, update and maintain many open source applications. You can even export all your installed packages and then let MacPorts automatically reinstall them for your when you have you computer reinstalled or when you migrate to another system.

Installation

The easiest way to install MacPorts is to download the .pkg installer here. Select the installer corresponding to your current OS. Alternatively, you can build it from source. For more detail, please visit this link. After finish the installtion, you should consider update MacPorts. Fortunately, MacPorts has the built-in feature to selfupdate. Everything you need to do is to execute this command

$ sudo port -v selfupdate

Now you can enjoy one of the most powerful package manager on MacOS. :)

Basic usage

To list all available ports, type this command (it takes a few minutes to load)

$ port list all

To search for a port, type:

$ port search portname

To get info of a port, type:

$ port info portname

To install a port, execute this command. The installed apps are usually put in /Application/MacPorts

$ sudo port install portname

To delete an installed package, type

$ sudo port uninstall portname

To upgrade an installed port, type

$ sudo port upgrade portname

To upgrade all outdated ports, type:

$ sudo port upgrade outdated

To list all installed packages, type:

$ sudo port list installed

So those are some basic commands for MacPorts, actually, the most inportant is install, uninstall and upgrade. Now you can use MacPorts to install many open source application like VLC, Emacs, Handbrake, iTerm, VirtualBox, Qt,…

Migration

Since Macports is a package manager, it has the built-in support to make the migration process become easier. You don’t have to remember which packages you’ve installed. Everything you need is to export the installed packages list and bring it to the destination system where you want them to be reinstalled. To export the list of installed ports, type:

$ port -qv installed > myports.txt

The command above will write all the ports that you’ve have installed to myports.txt. On the destination computer, you need to uninstall all packages to avoid conflict.

$ sudo port -f uninstall installed

and then clean any partially-completed builds

$ sudo port clean all

After that run this command for MacPorts to automatically reinstalled all packages

$ curl -O https://svn.macports.org/repository/macports/contrib/restore_ports/restore_ports.tcl
$ chmod +x restore_ports.tcl
$ sudo ./restore_ports.tcl myports.txt

It’s possible to have conflict during the installation process. If it happens, just delete the conflicting ports from myports.txt and run the script again. You may have to do this several times.


Source: Truongtx.me

MacPorts homepage: http://www.macports.org/

Available Ports: http://www.macports.org/ports.php


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